JFFS2

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Journalling Flash File System version 2 or JFFS2 is a filesystem (see File Systems) for use with flash memory devices. It is the successor to JFFS. JFFS2 has been included into the Linux kernel since September 23, 2001, when it was merged into the Linux kernel mainline as part of the kernel version 2.4.10 release. JFFS2 is also available for a few bootloaders, like Das U-Boot, Open Firmware, the eCos RTOS and the RedBoot. Most prominent usage of the JFFS2 comes from OpenWrt. At least three file systems have been developed as JFFS2 replacements: LogFS, UBIFS, and YAFFS.


JFFS2 introduced:

  • Support for NAND flash devices. This involved a considerable amount of work as NAND devices have a sequential I/O interface and cannot be memory-mapped for reading.
  • Hard links. This was not possible in JFFS because of limitations in the on-disk format.
  • Compression. Four algorithms are available: zlib, rubin, rtime, and lzo.
  • Better performance. JFFS treated the disk as a purely circular log. This generated a great deal of unnecessary I/O. The garbage collection algorithm in JFFS2 makes this mostly unnec
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